Talia Y. Khabrieva1, Rashad A. Kurbanov2
1, 2Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
Abstract. The article analyzes the legal basis of cooperation between the states of the Caspian region — Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran. With the signing of the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea in 2018, relations between the five countries have reached a qualitatively new level. If with the collapse of the USSR, the search for mutually beneficial forms of cooperation has only just begun to be identified, especially after the former republics of the USSR gained independence, then recent years have been characterized by a centripetal orientation, which has led to a comprehensive international legal regulation of cooperation between the Caspian states, the central place in which is occupied by the 2018 Convention, which unites several multilateral and bilateral treaty formats. The implementation of international legal acts that form the core of cooperation between the Caspian states is accompanied by the harmonization of their national legislation, which suggests the formation of a complex regulatory legal complex that includes both the norms of international law (the 2018 Convention and related agreements) and the norms of the domestic legislation of the Caspian states, which is defined as "Caspian law". A comparison of the concept of “Caspian law” and “Arctic law” shows that the development of "Caspian law" has not yet reached a sufficient degree of maturity to manifest the characteristics of a new legal “formation”. Research methods: general scientific methods of cognition (dialectical, analysis, synthesis, etc.), sociological, historical, comparative legal, formal legal, etc.
Keywords: Caspian region, convention, scientific and technical cooperation, legal status, Caspian five, economy, military-political cooperation, Caspian law
For citation. Khabrieva T. Y., Kurbanov R. A. Legal Bases and Integration Trends in the Caspian Region. The Caspian Five: History and Prospects. Journal of Russian Law, 2021, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 118—130. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2021.103