Contents of issue # 10/2020


On the Certain Features of Legal Science and the Search for Law

A. V. Kornev

Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow 125993, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.116

Abstract. This article is devoted primarily to legal thinking. Of course, the problem itself is not new, but the understanding of law is only a background. The main thesis is that various approaches to law start to form especially quickly “post-perestroika” times, and this approaches — for all their criticality in relation to the normative theory of law — have a normative nature. It is proved that normativity as such “belittles” the law in any of its interpretation. The article analyses the reasons for the existence of various approaches to understanding law: theoretical, practical, personal. In this regard, there is the emphasis on the features of legal science. It is they who, in the degree of viciousness, “provoke” the authors to put forward ideas that do not fit well with reality. Legal science is not nomological, since it explains the essence of phenomena and causes not through the law in the scientific sense of the word. It is the causality of legal science that gives rise to the presence of schools and concepts in it that not only compete, but sometimes try to refute each other. Another significant circumstance is that norms of science is absent in jurisprudence and have an imperative nature. Because of this, the authors have such a wide degree of freedom that any representative of natural science might be envy of this.

Keywords: law, regularity, science, norm, normativity, law, legal thinking, causality.

For citation: Kornev A. V. On the Certain Features of Legal Science and the Search for Law. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 5—15. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/ jrl.2020.116


Adorno T. Vvedenie v sotsiologiyu. Moscow, 2010.

David R., Zhofre-Spinozi K. Osnovnye pravovye sistemy sovremennosti. Moscow, 1996.

Dovlatov S. Zona. St. Petersburg, 2007.

Dyurkgeym E. Sotsiologiya. Ee predmet, metod, prednaznachenie. Moscow, 2008.

Ellinek G. Pravo sovremennogo gosudarstva. St. Petersburg, 1903.

Erofeev V. Moskva—Petushki. Moscow, 2003.

Filosofskiy slovar'. Moscow, 1981.

Gogol' N. V. Povesti. Moscow, 1979.

Ivin A. A., Nikitina I. P. Filosofiya nauki. Moscow, 2017.

Problemy istorii, metodologii i teorii yuridicheskoy nauki. Ed. by A. V. Kornev. Moscow, 2017.

Skinner K. Chelovek tsifrovoy. Chetvertaya revolyutsiya v istorii chelovechestva, kotoraya zatronet kazhdogo. Moscow, 2019.

Tolstoy L. N. Utro pomeshchika. Moscow, 1985.

Truayya A. Nikolay Gogol'. St. Petersburg, 2015.

Trubetskoy E. N. Trudy po filosofii prava. St. Petersburg, 2001.

Vyshinskiy A. Ya. Voprosy teorii gosudarstva i prava. Moscow, 1949.

Issues of Legal Institutionalization in the Context of Modern Russian Developing Society

A. I. Abramova

Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.117

Abstract. In the light of modern processes concerning the development of the post-industrial Russian society and radical changes undergoing in various spheres of state and public life, there is growing scientific interest in the problem of systemic and functional transformation of institutional legal structures, which ensures their “adaptive efficiency”.
The goals and objectives in the study are to systematically analyse the processes of legal institutionalization, develop new standards in understanding this legal category and pose a number of methodological problems of legal institutionalization.
In the process of the research there are formal legal method, methods of legal modelling and intersectoral analysis and the systemic and structural methods.
Legal institutionalization is considered as a necessary condition for maintaining the system of law in an orderly state, its integrational rapprochement with other social institutions and regulators. At present, we can state a certain level of development of the institutionalization issues in law. In modern legal science the concept of a legal institution is revealed and the mechanism of its formation and action is characterized. Different positions and approaches on a number of issues suggest their further clarification. First of all, this concerns the definition of the content of the concept of legal institutionalization. The orientation towards the use of the theological approach in the study of the problems of legal institutionalization seems to be relevant. It is necessary from the theological approach standpoint to develop the doctrine of the integrated theory of the effectiveness of law. Keywords: society, institutions, legal institutionalization, law, legal regulation, form of law, legal norm.

For citation: Abramova A. I. Issues of Legal Institutionalization in the Context of Modern Russian Developing Society. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 16—24. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.117


Alekseev S. S. Pravovye sredstva: postanovka problemy, ponyatie, klassifikatsiya. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo, 1987, no. 6, pp. 12—19.

Alekseev S. S. Sobranie sochineniy. Vol. 2. Moscow, 2010.

Azmi D. M. Ob osnovaniyakh i sistemakh pravovogo stroeniya. Sovremennoe pravo, 2009, no. 11, pp. 3—6.

Baytin M. I. Sushchnost' prava (sovremennoe normativnoe pravoponimanie na grani dvukh vekov). Saratov, 2001.

Chernobel' G. T. Ideologiya. Pravo. Zakon. Moscow, 2017.

Efficiency of legislation: theory and practice. Ed. by Yu. A. Tikhomirov, V. P. Emel'yantsev. Moscow, 2015. (In Russ.)

Ivanov A. Yu., Voynikanis E. A. Laws for the fourth industrial revolution: in search of new foundations. Zakon, 2018, no. 5, pp. 42—53. (In Russ.)

Kartashov V. N. Teoriya pravovoy sistemy obshchestva. Vol. 1. Yaroslavl', 2005.

Kirimova E. A. Pravovoy institut: ponyatie i vidy. Saratov, 2000.

Kurochkin A. V. The concept of “legal institutionalization” and its content. Aktual'nye problemy rossiyskogo prava, 2016, no. 3, pp. 39—47. (In Russ.)

Lazarev V. V., Fursov D. A. Justification of the Idea of Implementation of Judicial Decisions in Legislative Acts. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2014, no. 11, pp. 3—21. DOI: 10.12737/6003 (In Russ.)

Lukasheva E. A. Transformational processes of 21st century: institutional context. Trudy Instituta gosudarstva i prava RAN, 2018, no. 5, pp. 9—39. (In Russ.)

Mal'ko A. V., Shundikov K. V. Goals and facilities in law and legal policy. Saratov, 2003. (In Russ.)

Mal'tsev G. V. Sotsial'nye osnovaniya prava. Moscow, 2013.

Otrasli zakonodatel'stva i otrasli prava Rossiyskoy Federatsii: obshcheteoreticheskiy, mezhotraslevoy, otraslevoy i istoriko-pravovoy aspekty. Ed. by R. L. Khachaturov. Moscow, 2017.

Syrykh V. M. Integrated institutes as components of Russian law system. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2002, no. 10, pp. 22—27. (In Russ.)

Theory of state and law in science, education and practice. Ed. by T. Y. Khabrieva. Moscow, 2016. (In Russ.)

Tikhomirov Yu. A. Social Behavior and Law// Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2019, no. 5, pp. 5—20. DOI: 10.12737/art_2019_5_1 (In Russ.)


Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence in the Human Rights Context

E. V. Talapina

Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119019, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.118

Abstract. The program acts on the artificial intelligence development address the prospects for its using in public management, which is a new scientific and practical problem. The law (especially private law) knows the algorithms, which are based on artificial intelligence as only objects of legal protection. For public law, the task of theoretical understanding of technological renewal is relevant, taking into account the knowing legal values such as fundamental human rights. By means of traditional methods of legal research, the author analyzes the Russian and foreign legal doctrine, judicial practice, examples from law enforcement practice in the field of approaches to regulation and use of technologies in public legal relations. This has highlighted the challenges that the human rights protection system may face.
The algorithm's idea as a set of instructions that can solve a problem and achieve a certain given result well meets the concept of good public administration, since the result of management can be embedded in the algorithm for making a management decision. The greatest efficiency of algorithms is predicted in areas where there is no discretionary power, which is characteristic of the provision of public services. But the management decisions automation carries possible risks.
In public law the scope of algorithms (or rather automatic data processing) is limited to personal data. It is the threat to personal data that is one of the risks in automatic decision-making. The technology of data processing consists in applying certain specified criteria to a particular person. A direct threat to fundamental human rights is contained in the potential discriminatory nature of these criteria. The right to non-discrimination is derived from the principle of equality. But formal legal equality also means the possibility of applying a general rule to a particular case, taking into account individual circumstances, whereas the algorithm impartially provides arithmetic equality. Moreover, artificial intelligence, trained on the basis of real and non-ideal human decisions, can perceive discrimination as a “normal” element of the algorithm. The identified problems need detailed studying and subsequent regulatory solution.

Keywords: algorithm, artificial intelligence, discrimination, personal data, equality, public services.

For citation: Talapina E. V. Algorithms and Artificial Intelligence in the Human Rights Context. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 25—39. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.118


Bartenev D. G. Prohibition of discrimination: a practical review of the approaches of the European Court of Human Rights. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, 2019, no. 1, pp. 43—66. (In Russ.)

Bliznets I. A., Leont'ev K. B., Kubyshkin A. V. Pravovaya okhrana avtorskikh i smezhnykh prav v Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Moscow, 2017. 260 p.

Boudinar-Zabaleta A. Algorithmes et lignes directrices. Réflexions sur la codification automatisée des motifs des décisions administratives. Droit administratif, 2019, no. 4, pp. 13—18.

Bourcier D. De l'intelligence artificielle à la personne virtuelle : émérgence d'une entité juridique ? Droit et société, 2001, no. 3, pp. 847—871.

China's coronavirus health code apps raise concerns over privacy. Available at: (accessed 19.04.2020).

Doklad Soveta pri Prezidente RF po razvitiyu grazhdanskogo obshchestva i pravam cheloveka po teme “Uroki epidemii s tochki zreniya soblyudeniya prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina”. Available at:

Duclercq J.-B. L'automatisation algoritmique des décisions administratives individuelles. Revue du droit public, 2019, no. 2, pp. 295—320.

Duclercq J.-B. Le droit public à l'ère des algorithmes. Revue du droit public, 2017, no. 5, pp. 1401—1433.

Hacker Ph. The Ambivalence of Algorithms. Gauging the Legitimacy of Personalized Law. In Bakhoum M., Conde Gallego B., Mackenrodt M.-O., Surblytė-Namavičienė G. (eds.). Personal Data in Competition, Consumer Protection and Intellectual Property Law. Towards a Holistic Approach? Springer, 2018. Pp. 85—117. Available at:

Hildebrandt M. Criminal Law and Technology in a Data-Driven Society. In Dubber M. D., Hörnle T. (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law. Oxford, 2014. Pp. 174—200. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199673599.013.0009.

Huret A., Huet J.-M. L'intelligence artificielle au service du marketing. L'Expansion Management Review, 2012, no. 3, pp. 18—26.

Kamiran F., Žliobaitė I., Calders T. Quantifying explainable discrimination and removing illegal discrimination in automated decision making. Knowledge and Information Systems, 2013, no. 35, pp. 613—644. DOI: 10.1007/s10115-012-0584-8.

Khabrieva T. Y., Chernogor N. N. The Law in the Conditions of Digital Reality. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2018, no. 1, pp. 85—102. DOI: 10.12737/art_2018_1_7 (In Russ.)

Kovler A. I. Prava cheloveka v tsifrovuyu epokhu. Byulleten' Evropeyskogo suda po pravam cheloveka. Rossiyskoe izdanie, 2019, no. 6, pp. 146—150.

Malyshkin A. V. Integration of artificial intelligence into public life: some ethical and legal problems. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Pravo, 2019, no. 3, pp. 444—460. (In Russ.)

Pashentsev D. A. Features of law enforcement in the conditions of digitalization of social relations. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Pravo, 2020, no. 1, pp. 35—49. (In Russ.)

Pauliat H. La décision administrative et les algorithmes: une loyauté à consacrer. Revue du droit public, 2018, no. 3, pp. 641—650.

Rossiyskoe grazhdanskoe pravo. Vol. 1: Obshchaya chast'. Veshchnoe pravo. Nasledstvennoe pravo. Intellektual'nye prava. Lichnye neimushchestvennye prava. Ed. by E. A. Sukhanov. Moscow, 2011. 961 p.

Sartor G. Human Rights and Information Technologies. The Oxford Handbook of Law, Regulation and Technology. Ed. by R. Brownsword, E. Scotford, K. Yeung. Oxford, 2017. Pp. 424—450. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199680832.013.79.

Savel'ev A. I. Nauchno-prakticheskiy postateynyy kommentariy k Federal'nomu zakonu “O personal'nykh dannykh”. Moscow, 2017. 318 p.

Tsivilisticheskaya kontseptsiya intellektual'noy sobstvennosti v sisteme rossiyskogo prava. Ed. by M. A. Rozhkova. Moscow, 2018. 269 p.

Vorozhevich A. S., Zaychenko E. V., Kirsanova E. E. et al. Sovremennye informatsionnye tekhnologii i pravo. Ed. by E. B. Lauts. Moscow, 2019. 288 p.

Yuzhakov V. N., Talapina E. V., Dobrolyubova E. I., Tikhomirov Yu. A. Initsiativnyy proekt zakona ob obespechenii kachestva gosudarstvennogo upravleniya. Moscow, 2020. 150 p.

Digitalization of Society and Prospects for Constitutional Development

L. N. Vasilieva, A. V. Grigoriev

Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.119

Abstract. The article analyses the legal and philosophical aspects of digitalization as a social and scientifictechnical phenomenon. It researches philosophical viewpoints over the process of building virtual reality, reasons for its emergence, its role and position in social relationships. The scientific-philosophical part of the article analyses the stages of building up the digitalization, the emergence, development and progress of the “virtuality” definition in ancient philosophy times, in medieval philosophy, and in the new era as well. The article describes the modern scientific-technical and social studies, aimed at understanding the essence, position and role of digitalization as a global process. The article also considers the viewpoints of leading scientists in the field of sociology, politics, economics and futurology, oriented towards the impact of information technologies upon the global processes and related comprehension. The article makes certain conclusions over the risks of scientific technical progress, capable of influencing the society.
The article summarizes the views on the role and position of the person in the digital world and on the limits of digital impact upon the society. The article considers the legal approaches to understanding digitalization, as well as it describes the risks, which appear in the digital era. The article reviews the formation of approaches towards the understanding of the digitalization process and the development of digital economy. The new tendencies of the modern reality raise the question about the supplementation and the transformation of constitutional basic principles in the field of protecting human and civil rights. The authors review the human rights, formulated in the Russian Constitution and their sufficiency in the forming “digital world” in the context of protecting human and civil rights in real and digital dimensions. The authors also propose new direction of scientific search for the concept of building new human and personal rights in the context of developing digital reality in the widest sense.

Keywords: digitalization, digital economy, human rights, identity, digital transformation, social sciences, religion, society.

For citation: Vasilieva L. N., Grigoriev A. V. Digitalization of Society and Prospects for Constitutional Development. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 40—58. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.119


Anisina K. T. Vzaimodeystvie gosudarstvennykh organov vlasti s drugimi uchastnikami finansovykh pravootnosheniy posredstvom tsifrovoy ekonomiki. Finansovoe pravo, 2018, no. 9, pp. 3—7.

Bell D. The coming of post-industrial society: A venture of social forecasting. New York, 1973. 507 p.

Bell D. The End of Ideology: On the Exhaustion of Political Ideas in the Fifties. New York, 1965. 540 p.

Belousov A. V. Litsenzirovanie teleradioveshchaniya pri perekhode k tsifrovym tekhnologiyam. Zakon, 2007, no. 2, pp. 103—114.

Buddizm i Internet. Buddiyskoe soobshchestvo. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Chernodub A. N., Dzyuba D. A. Obzor metodov neyroupravleniya. Problemy programmirovaniya, 2011, no. 2, pp. 79—94.

Chernyak L. A. Bol'shie Dannye — novaya teoriya i praktika. Otkrytye sistemy. SUBD. 2011, no. 10, pp. 18—25.

Dalay-Lama zavel akkaunt v Instagramme. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Drach G. V. Rozhdenie antichnoy filosofii i nachalo antropologicheskoy. Moscow, 2003. 318 p.

Dukhovnye lidery v sotssetyakh: soblazny tsifrovogo veka. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Efremov A. A. Novye informatsionnye tekhnologii v praktike Evropeyskogo suda po pravam cheloveka. Pretsedenty Evropeyskogo suda po pravam cheloveka, 2016, no. 6, pp. 10—15.

Flakh P. Mashinnoe obuchenie. Moscow, 2015.

Glushkov V. M., Amosov N. M., Artemenko I. A. Entsiklopediya kibernetiki. Kiev, 1974. 618 p.

Harold J. Leavitt, Thomas L. Whisler. Management in the 1980's. Harvard Business Review, 1958, pp. 583—595.

Horowitz P., Hill W. The Art of Electronics. 2nd ed. Cambridge, 1989. 1125 p.

Ioann Pavel II. Entsiklika “Laborem exercens”. P. 25. Sr. II Vatikanskiy Sobor. Pastyrskaya Konstitutsiya o Tserkvi v sovremennom mire “Gaudium et spes”. P. 34. Available at: https:// (accessed 21.04.2019).

K kakim grekham privodit Internet? Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Kak ispol'zovat' sotsial'nye seti vo blago. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Karteli: itogi raboty FAS Rossii za 2017 god i plany na 2018 god (internet-interv'yu s A. P. Tenishevym, nachal'nikom Upravleniya po bor'be s kartelyami Federal'noy antimonopol'noy sluzhby Rossiyskoy Federatsii). Access from SPS “Consultant Plus”.

Kartskhiya A. A. Tsifrovoy imperativ: novye tekhnologii sozdayut novuyu real'nost'. IS. Avtorskoe pravo i smezhnye prava, 2017, no. 8, pp. 16—26.

Khabrieva T. Y., Chernogor N. N. The Law in the Conditions of Digital Reality. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2018, no. 1, pp. 85—102. DOI: 10.12737/art_2018_1_7 (In Russ.)

Konets analogovogo mira: industriya 4.0, ili chto prineset s soboy chetvertaya promyshlennaya revolyutsiya. Teorii i praktiki. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Leongard G. Technology vs. Humanity: The Coming Clash Between Man and Machine 260 p. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019). (In Russ.)

Materialy V Nauchnoy konferentsii “Tsifrovizatsiya obshchestva i budushchee khristianstva”. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Moskaleva O. Opasnosti, kotorye tait tsifrovizatsiya. Zhilishchnoe pravo, 2017, no. 10, pp. 63—72.

Nemykina O. I. Ponyatie virtual'nosti v filosofskom kontekste. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Gumanitarnye nauki. Filosofiya, 2011, no. 1 (17), pp. 53—61.

Nosov N. A. Slovar' virtual'nykh terminov. Trudy laboratorii virtualistiki. Moscow, 2000.

Osnovy sotsial'noy kontseptsii Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi — XVI. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. Problemy globalizatsii i sekulyarizma. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Papa rimskiy Frantsisk nazval internet bozh'im darom. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Papa Rimskiy prizval pol'zovateley sotssetey brat' primer s obshchin khristian. Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).

Platon. Gosudarstvo. Kniga sed'maya. Sobranie sochineniy. Vol. 3. Moscow, 1994. 830 p.

Rifkin D. The Third Industrial Revolution: How Lateral Power Is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World. Moscow, 2014. 270 p. (In Russ.)

Rozhanskiy I. D. Antichnaya nauka. Moscow, 1980. 199 p.

Ruzavin G. I. Virtual'nost'. Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya. Moscow, 2010. 404 p.

Shanakhan M. Technological singularity Moscow, 2017. 256 p. (In Russ.)

Shvab K. The Fourth Industrial Revolution Moscow, 2016. 208 p. (In Russ.)

Smirnov F. A. Transformatsiya mirovoy finansovoy sistemy: blokcheyn, “umnye kontrakty” i vnebirzhevye derivativy. Auditor, 2017, no. 6, pp. 54—58.

Solovykh N. N. Tsifrovaya ekonomika diktuet neobkhodimost' kvalifitsirovannykh kadrov s novymi kompetentsiyami. Rossiyskiy sledovatel', 2018, no. 5, pp. 64—68.

Toffler E. The Third Wave. Moscow, 2004. (In Russ.)

Tsifrovizatsiya obshchestva i budushchee khristianstva: materialy V Mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (24 January 2019, Moscow). Ed. by I. P. Ryazantsev, R. M. Plyusnin. Moscow, 2019. 110 p.

Tsitseron M. T. On the nature of the gods St. Petersburg, 2002. 448 p. (In Russ.)

Vaypan V. A. Osnovy pravovogo regulirovaniya tsifrovoy ekonomiki. Pravo i ekonomika, 2017, no. 11, pp. 5—18.

Zor'kin V. Pravo v tsifrovom mire. Razmyshlenie na polyakh Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo yuridicheskogo foruma. Rossiyskaya gazeta — Stolichnyy vypusk, 2018, no. 115 (7578). Available at: (accessed 21.04.2019).


On the Legal Principles of Exploiting Artificial Intelligence in Executing Control and Supervisory Activities by Executive Authorities

A. V. Martynov, M. V. Bundin

Institute of Open Education, National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod 603950, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.120

Abstract. Currently artificial intelligence technologies are being actively introduced into public administration, including in the implementation of state control and supervisory powers. The latter raises a legitimate question about the need to form a set of fundamental principles for the use of artificial intelligence technologies in this area.
The main goal of this research is to suggest and ground, based on the analysis of international and national law and existing scientific concepts, the set of fundamental legal principles. They must ensure, on the one hand, the effectiveness of control and supervision activities, and, on the other, guarantee the safety and protection of the rights and legitimate interests of individuals and legal entities. In this regard, the authors consider the main task of the study to be the analysis of international and national experience of legal regulation (strategic and program documents), which introduces artificial intelligence technologies in various spheres of activity, as well as modern scientific concepts about the legal and ethical principles of using artificial intelligence, including those in public administration.
Research methods are general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis, as well as formal legal and comparative legal methods.
It is suggested to consider as the main principles of applying artificial intelligence technologies into state control and supervisory activities the following: legality, rationality, security, transparency (openness), human control, stability, modeling and expert evaluation. These principles are proposed to be included in the legal acts, which regulate state control and supervisory activities of the Executive, in particular, in the “basic” federal law on state control (supervision) and municipal control.

Keywords: artificial intelligence, state control and supervision, public administration, digital economy, legal regulation of information technologies.

For citation: Martynov A. V., Bundin M. V. On the Legal Principles of Exploiting Artificial Intelligence in Executing Control and Supervisory Activities by Executive Authorities. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 59—75. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.120

Ablamenko M., Ablamenko S. Legal Regulation of the Artificial Intelligence Systems Interaction. Nauka i innovatsii, 2020, no. 1 (203), pp. 40—44. (In Russ.)

AI for Humanity. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

AI Singapore. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

AI Strategy 2019. AI for Everyone: People, Industries, Regions and Governments. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Andreev V. K. Dynamics of Regulating Artificial Intelligence. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 3, pp. 58—68. DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.030 (In Russ.)

Artificial Intelligence Technology Strategy (Report of Strategic Council for AI Technology). Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Asilomar AI Principles. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Baranova M. V. Anticipatory Law-Making in the Legal System of Modernity. Vestnik Saratovskoy gosudarstvennoy yuridicheskoy akademii, 2016, no. 1 (108), pp. 43—45. (In Russ.)

Baranova M. V. K voprosu o sisteme spetsial'no-yuridicheskikh printsipov operezhayushchego pravotvorchestva. Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, 2020, no. 14, pp. 557—562.

Beijing AI Principles. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Boychenko I. S. Formation of Legal Regulation of Neural Networks. Formirovanie sistemy pravovogo regulirovaniya obespecheniya informatsionnoy bezopasnosti v usloviyakh bol'shikh vyzovov v global'nom informatsionnom obshchestve. Vtorye Bachilovskie chteniya. Ed. by T. A. Polyakova, V. B. Naumov, A. V. Minbaleev. Moscow, 2019. Pp. 218—223.

CIFAR Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy. URL.: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Communication Artificial Intelligence for Europe. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on Artificial Intelligence for Europe. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Doklad “Iskusstvennyy intellekt. K vyboru strategii”, podgotovlennyy Tsentrom podgotovki rukovoditeley tsifrovoy transformatsii. Moscow, 2019. 104 p.

European ethical Charter on the use of Artificial Intelligence in judicial systems and their environment. Council of Europe. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Executive Order 13859 of February 11, 2019 On Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence. Federal Register. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Guidance how to use artificial intelligence ethically and safely. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Guidance on building and using artificial intelligence in the public sector. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Iskusstvennyy intellekt dlya yuristov: chem on polezen i opasen. Available at: https://pravo. ru/news/218237/?desc_search= (accessed 31.03.2020).

Kashkin S. Yu. Legal Regulation of Application of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Technologies as a Forming New Complex Branch of Law in Most Representative States and International Integration Associations: Problem Statement. Vestnik Rossiyskogo novogo universiteta. Seriya: Chelovek i obshchestvo, 2019, no. 3, pp. 134—144. (In Russ.)

Korean Government Announces National AI Strategy to Bolster the Economy & Improve Living Standards by 2030. Available at: data obrashcheniya: 11.04.2020).

La stratégie nationale de recherche en intelligence artificielle. Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Ladeynova O. S. Legal Nature of Program and Strategic Documents. Obrazovanie i pravo, 2019, no. 3, pp. 19—24. (In Russ.)

Legal Concept of Robotization. Ed. by Yu. A. Tikhomirov, S. B. Nanba. Moscow, 2019. 240 p. DOI: 10.31085/9785392305650-2019-240 (In Russ.)

Mamchun V. V. Kul'tura riska v yuridicheskoy deyatel'nosti. Yuridicheskaya tekhnika, 2016, no. 10, pp. 400—406.

National Robotics Initiative 2.0: Ubiquitous Collaborative Robots (NRI-2.0). The National Science Foundation. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence — "AI Made in Germany“. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Naumov V. B. Law in the Epoch of Digital Transformation: in Search of Solutions. Rossiyskoe pravo: obrazovanie, praktika, nauka, 2018, no. 6 (108), pp. 4—11. (In Russ.)

Neyroset' nashla lekarstva, kotorye potentsial'no blokiruyut razmnozhenie koronavirusa. Available at: (accessed 31.03.2020).

Nobelevskiy laureat zayavil ob iskusstvennom proiskhozhdenii koronavirusa. Available at: (accessed 18.04.2020).

Polyakova T. A. Transformation of Law and Priority Directions of Scientific Research in the Information Sphere. Formirovanie sistemy pravovogo regulirovaniya obespecheniya informatsionnoy bezopasnosti v usloviyakh bol'shikh vyzovov v global'nom informatsionnom obshchestve. Vtorye Bachilovskie chteniya. Ed. by T. A. Polyakova, V. B. Naumov, A. V. Minbaleev. Moscow, 2019. Pp. 10—22. (In Russ.)

Ponkin I. V., Red'kina A. I. Artificial Intelligence from the Point of View of Law. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Yuridicheskie nauki = RUDN Journal of Law, 2018, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 91—109. (In Russ.)

Roadmap for US Robotics from Internet to Robotics (2016 edition). Jacobs School. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Semenov P. V., Semishkur R. P., Dyachenko I. A. Conceptual Model of Digital Twin Technology Implementation for Oil and Gas Industry. Gazovaya promyshlennost', 2019, no. 7 (787), pp. 24—30. (In Russ.)

Serobyan G. A. Legal Regulation of Artificial Intelligence Systems: For or Against. Pravo i gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2019, no. 10 (178), pp. 89—91. (In Russ.)

Sovet Evropy prinyal khartiyu o sudebnom primenenii iskusstvennogo intellekta. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

The Montreal Declaration for Responsible Development of Artificial Intelligence. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Tikhomirov Yu. A., Krysenkova N. B., Nanba S. B., Margusheva Zh. A. Robot and Human: A New Partnership? Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedeniya = Journal of Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law, 2018, no. 5 (72), pp. 5—10. (In Russ.)

Transformation of Legal Reality in the Digital Age. Ed. by D. A. Pashentsev, M. V. Zaloilo. Moscow, 2019. 213 p. (In Russ.)

UAE Strategy for Artificial Intelligence. Available at: (accessed 11.04.2020).

Vystuplenie predsedatelya Soveta sudey RF V. V. Momotova na plenarnom zasedanii po teme “Perspektivy ispol'zovaniya iskusstvennogo intellekta v sudebnoy sisteme Rossiyskoy Federatsii”. Katar, 26 February 2020. Available at: (accessed 31.03.2020).

Ensuring Mandatory Requirements in the Field of Entrepreneurial Activity: Features of Regional Administrative and Tort Law

V. A. Seleznev

Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.121

Abstract. Administrative violations and legislation on control and supervision activities reform implementation and leads to necessity to consider the administrative responsibilities for violations of mandatory requirements on a regional level.
The point of the article is to research the legislation experience of the Russian Federation constituent entities within administrative responsibilities for violations of mandatory requirements. For that purpose, the article summarizes the related literature, reaches aspects of the Russian constituent entities' legislation on administrative and detects special aspects of development in case of administrative violations in legislation of the Russian constituent entities' on administrative violations.
The results of analysis highlight and formulate the Russian constituent entities' legislation on administrative violations. The article also concludes that there is the administrative responsibilities perfection in relation to the control-supervising reform activities of legislation on the regional administrative violations in the part of responsibilities of a business on violations of mandatory requirements.
The research methodology includes: system-structural, comparative-legal, logical-theoretical methods of normative acts and the systemic approach. The empirical base of the research is legal acts of the Russian constituent entities on administrative violations.
The practice of forming and applying regional legislation on administrative responsibility is not uniform and stable. Thus, It is necessary to revise the norms of the current legislation on administrative offenses. There are various approaches to the designation of administrative offenses and the determination of their place in the structure of a regulatory legal act. In accordance with the reform of the legislation on administrative offenses and legislation on control and supervisory activities, the design of the composition of administrative offenses should be based on the establishment of general requirements for the composition of an administrative offense, for its objective side, both for the Administrative Offenses Code of the Russian Federation and for the laws on administrative responsibility of the Russian constituent entities ... In order to improve regional laws on administrative offenses, it is necessary to concretize the subjects of regulation of the chapters, taking into account the classification of administrative offenses by specific and particular objects of illegal encroachment. When establishing administrative responsibility by legislative acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, it is necessary to exclude duplication of provisions of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation and the regional law on administrative offenses, as well as possible contradictions between the regional law on administrative offenses and the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: mandatory requirements, administrative offense, administrative responsibility, controlsupervising activities, business operations, trade, public order.

For citation: Seleznev V. A. Ensuring Mandatory Requirements in the Field of Entrepreneurial Activity: Features of Regional Administrative and Tort Law. Zhurnal rossijskogoprava=Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 76—91. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.121


Antonov A. A. Legislation of the subjects of the Russian Federation on administrative offences. Cand. diss. Omsk, 2006. (In Russ.)

Batalin A. V. Formation and development of the legislation of the subjects of the Russian Federation on administrative offenses (based on the materials of the Republic of Karelia). Cand. diss. Moscow, 2015. (In Russ.)

Chetverikova L. V. Legislative activity of the subjects of the Russian Federation: experience and problems (based on the materials of the Komi Republic). Cand. diss. Syktyvkar, 1998. (In Russ.)

Klepikov S. N. Legislative activity of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of establishing administrative responsibility. Cand. diss. Voronezh, 2003. (In Russ.)

Maile A. D. Legislation of the subjects of the Russian Federation on administrative responsibility in the sphere of public order protection. Cand. diss. Omsk, 1998. (In Russ.)

Reforma KoAP: kakim byt' novomu Kodeksu? Zakon, 2019, no. 7, pp. 17—28.

Rubchenko N. A. Legislative activity of the subjects of the Russian Federation. Cand. diss. Volgograd, 2001. (In Russ.)

Stakhov A. I. Features of qualification of violations of mandatory requirements identified in the course of state control and supervision. Bezopasnost' biznesa, 2016, no. 3, pp. 23—27. (In Russ.)

Vasil'eva Ya. V. Improvement of the legislation of the subjects of the Russian Federation on administrative offenses (based on the materials of the North-Western Federal district). Cand. diss. Moscow, 2016. (In Russ.)


Defects in the Legislative Regulation of Criminal Proceedings in Juvenile Cases

V. Yu. Stelmakh

Ural Law Institute, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Yekaterinburg 620057, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.122

Abstract. Juvenile criminal proceedings are specific to the ordinary procedure. This is due to the need to ensure the rights of minors. At the same time, the current legislation is not always systemic, a number of norms contradict to each other and to more general provisions of the criminal procedure law. This situation complicates law enforcement, violates its uniformity and leads to illegal decisions.
The aim of the study is to analyse the procedure for juvenile criminal proceedings in terms of their balanced and structural sustainability. The objectives of the research are to study — from the systemicity point of view — the criminal procedure rules concerning the concept of a minor, the participation of a legal representative, the conduct of investigative actions, the termination of criminal proceedings with the use of coercive measures of educational influence, to formulate proposals for the amendment of legislation to make these rules systematic.
The work uses the method of dialectical materialism by involving the study of all phenomena in connection and development. A systematic method is applied, where the rules of law, which governs proceedings against minors, are considered to be a holistic set of elements in the totality of relations between them.
As a result, elements of unsystem in the criminal procedure of juvenile proceedings are identified: in the definition of a minor; in some aspects of the participation of a legal representative; in the conduct of investigative actions; and in the termination of criminal proceedings with the use of compulsory educational measures. There are justified proposals to to take into account social factors for adjusting the criminal procedure law. A certain differentiation is required in determining the status of a minor. As a general rule, they must be recognized as a person who has not reached the age 18 at the time of the commission of the crime, which corresponds to the social status of a person. Therefore, juvenile proceedings should generally not be simplified. At the same time, the procedural criterion should be applied: some procedures, designed solely to protect the rights of minors, can be carried out only until the accused reaches the age of 18 years (for example, the choice of a preventive measure in the form of care for a minor). The law should also provide (for the discretionary powers of an investigator) the choice of a procedure (for example, the duration of investigations (after a person reaches the full age) can be reduced to take into account the specific characteristics of the accused's identity). The participation of a legal representative is ensured only until the age of 18, and only in exceptional cases thereafter. The defender should be provided regardless of whether the accused reaches the full age or not. The use of video recordings of investigations with the accused should be envisaged. In order to apply educational measures, the investigator must not terminate the criminal case, but initiate an application before the court.

Keywords: criminal proceedings, preliminary investigation, minor, legal representative, investigative actions, termination of criminal proceedings, compulsory educational measures.

For citation: Stelmakh V. Yu. Defects in the Legislative Regulation of Criminal Proceedings in Juvenile Cases. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 92—104. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.122


Anuchkina A. D. Zashchita interesov nesovershennoletnikh v usloviyakh sostyazatel'nogo ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva. Cand. diss. Kislovodsk, 2010. 221 p.

Avaliani K. A. Osobennosti dosudebnogo proizvodstva po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnikh. Cand. diss. Kemerovo, 2009. 237 p.

Belkin A. R. “Menee strogie” mery presecheniya v ugolovnom protsesse Rossii. Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo, 2012, no. 3, pp. 22—26.

Brusnitsyn L. V. New rules of interrogation of underaged victims and witnesses in the course of preliminary investigation and in court. Ugolovnoe pravo, 2015, no. 3, pp. 90—94. (In Russ.)

Bryanskaya E. V. Dokazyvanie po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnikh. Irkutsk, 2018. 182 p.

Gimazetdinov I. R. Ugolovno-protsessual'naya forma: obshcheteoreticheskiy, normativnopravovoy i pravoprimenitel'nyy analiz. Cand. diss. Izhevsk, 2013. 234 p.

Grishina E. P. Display of video and camera recording of juvenile victim or witness testimony in criminal proceedings (international standards, legal position of the european court of human rights and Russian legislation). Mirovoy sud'ya, 2017, no. 9, pp. 24—29. (In Russ.)

Gus'kova A. P., Emel'yanov V. A., Yurchenko L. V. Ugolovno-protsessual'nye voprosy organizatsii yuvenal'nogo sudoproizvodstva v sovremennoy Rossii. Orenburg, 2009. 214 p.

Kal'nitskiy V. V. Investigative agencies are bound to ensure the defendant's right to interrogate persons testifying against him. Zakonodatel'stvo i praktika, 2016, no. 1, pp. 6—9. (In Russ.)

Karagodin V. N., Kazakov A. A. Strategies of organization and procedural pre-trial issues upon the facts of crimes committed in respect of minors. Lex russica, 2017, no. 6, pp. 141—155. (In Russ.)

Kulikova M. M. Uchastie roditeley nesovershennoletnikh v kachestve zakonnykh predstaviteley v ugolovnom protsesse. Sud'ya, 2015, no. 7, pp. 47—51.

Lamintseva S. A. Protsessual'nye garantii realizatsii prav nesovershennoletnikh v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Sud'ya, 2017, no. 4, pp. 42—47.

Makarenko I. A. Guarantees of rights and lawful interests of a juvenile accused in the process of criminal investigation. Lex russica, 2015, no. 8, pp. 58—69. (In Russ.)

Markovicheva E. V. Ugolovnoe sudoproizvodstvo v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnikh: problemy teorii i praktiki. Orel, 2011. 424 p.

Mazyuk R. V. Institut ugolovnogo presledovaniya v rossiyskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. Moscow, 2009. 216 p.

Sem'yanova I. S. Problemy sovershenstvovaniya rassledovaniya prestupleniy nesovershennoletnikh: organizatsionno-pravovoy aspekt. Cand. diss. Omsk, 2003. 174 p.

Sychev A. A. Differentsiatsiya ugolovno-protsessual'noy formy proizvodstva po delam nesovershennoletnikh. Cand. diss. Nizhny Novgorod, 2009. 186 p.

Tetyuev S. V. Proizvodstvo po ugolovnym delam v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnikh. Ed. by A. V. Kudryavtseva. Moscow, 2007. 192 p.

Zaynullin R. I. Problems of participation of a legal representative of a juvenile suspect, accused: criminal and procedural and criminalstic aspects. Rossiyskiy sledovatel', 2016, no. 16, pp. 3—6. (In Russ.)

Zhuravlev A. V. Naznachenie ugolovnogo nakazaniya nesovershennoletnim. Moscow, 2009. 223 p.

The Importance of the Claim’s Individualization for Appeal

E. A. Fokin

Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.123

Abstract. The subject of this article is the procedural issues that arose in the case of the Moscow Commercial Court No. A40-235720/2018. This dispute actualized several discussions of legal science, which were previously considered as having no intersection points: individualization of the claim, authority of the appellate court and cooperation between the court and the parties. The doctrine and practice have not yet developed a consensus on one of the most long-running issues of procedural law: what if the plaintiff proved a violation of his right, but was mistaken in choosing a method of defense? In the commented case this problem arose in a new form. So, the key question was the actions of the appellate court, if during the verification of the judicial act the erroneousness of the method chosen by the plaintiff to protect the violated right (and, accordingly, the satisfaction of the claim with this method of protection) was established. The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation took a rather radical position regarding the absolute impossibility of canceling a judicial act on the grounds of the erroneous choice of a method of protecting a violated right. But this position, in turn, entailed new problems associated with the general ambiguity of the algorithm of practical actions of appeal in the situation under consideration.
This article is an attempt to evaluate the approach of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation both from the point of view of the theory of procedural law, and from the point of view of already existing approaches of judicial practice.

Keywords: appeal, individualization of a claim, powers of appeal, choice of a method of protecting a violated right.

For citation: Fokin E. A. The Importance of the Claim’s Individualization for Appeal. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 105—117. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.123


Borisova E. A. Appeal, cassation, supervision in civil cases. Moscow, 2013. (In Russ.)

Commentary on the Arbitration Procedural Code of the Russian Federation (itemized). Ed. by V. V. Yarkov. 4th ed. Moscow, 2020. 1071 p. (In Russ.)

Egorova M. A. On some issues of individualization of the claim. Vestnik Samarskoy gumanitarnoy akademii. Seriya “Pravo”, 2011, no. 2. (In Russ.)

Fokin E. A. “Professionalization” of the Russian arbitration process. Zakon, 2019, no. 7. (In Russ.)

Gol'msten A. Kh. Russian Civil Procedure. Textbook. 5th ed. St. Petersburg, 1913. (In Russ.)

Gordon V. M. Foundation of claim as part of an amendment to claims. Yaroslavl', 1902. (In Russ.)

Gravina A. A., Ganicheva E. S., Glazkova M. E. Procedural Scientific School of Law. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2015, no. 9, pp. 84—93. DOI: 10.12737/13038 (In Russ.)

Kashkarova I. N. Individualization of a claim in civil proceedings. Cand. diss. St. Petersburg, 2015. (In Russ.)

Kotlyarova V. V. On the Powers of the Court of Appeal in Civil Procedure. Vestnik grazhdanskogo protsessa = Herald of Civil Procedure, 2017, no. 2, pp. 65—72. DOI: 10.24031/2226-0781-2017-7-2-65-72 (In Russ.)

Lesnitskaya L. F. Grounds for cancellation of appealed court decisions. Moscow, 1962. (In Russ.)

Nefed'ev E. A. The doctrine of the claim. Kazan', 1895. (In Russ.)

Osokina G. L. The right to defense in legal proceedings (the right to a claim). Tomsk, 1990. (In Russ.)

Shvarts M. Z. Are we ready for a professional process? (a short commentary to paragraph 1 of the Information Letter of the Presidium of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation dated November 13, 2008 No. 126). Arbitrazhnye spory, 2009, no. 2. (In Russ.)

Terekhova L. A. The system of review of judicial acts in the judicial protection mechanism. Moscow, 2007. (In Russ.)

Zhilin G. A. The powers of the appellate instance in arbitration and civil proceedings: problems of theory and practice. Zakon, 2013, no. 4. (In Russ.)


Legal Problems of Development and Use of Underground Space in Terms of Spatial Development of Urban Agglomerations

M. V. Ponomarev

M. V. Ponomareva, b
Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation
bMoscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, Moscow 105064, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.124

Abstract. Currently, the spatial development of urban agglomerations, carried out to improve the comfort of the urban environment and achieve the goals of the Strategy of spatial development of the Russian Federation until 2025, involves the creation of new and improving the existing energy, utility, and transport infrastructure of the city. Due to these factors, the development and use of underground space, the construction of various types of underground structures, especially in cities and large urban agglomerations, is particularly relevant.
The purpose of this article is a scientific study of the role of development and use of underground space in the spatial development of urban agglomerations. In order to achieve this goal, this article addresses the problems of identifying and studying the features of legal regulation of the development of underground space in cities for various purposes, underground construction, as a type of economic activity aimed at creating underground structures. The article examines the role of underground space in terms of spatial development of cities and the formation of urban agglomerations is established by the concepts of "underground space", "development of underground space", "underground structure", examines the characteristics of the legal regime of underground facilities as real estate and capital construction.
In the course of the research, a number of special legal methods of cognition were used, in particular, formal legal, comparative legal and legal forecasting methods. Using the formal legal method, the author studies the features of constructing legal norms that fix the features of the legal regime of underground structures, using the comparative legal method, the author studies relevant foreign experience in the development of underground space in large urban agglomerations, and using the method of legal forecasting, the author highlights possible trends in the development of legislation in the field of development and use of underground space in cities, it also suggests possible ways to improve the legal regulation of relations in this area.
As a result of the research, the author comes to conclusions about the need to develop legislation regulating relations in the field of development and development of underground space in cities, the author offers scientifically based directions for improving the legal regime of underground structures and legal regulation of relations for their creation from the standpoint of legislation on subsoil and legislation on urban development, as well as the order of development and use of underground space for various purposes in the implementation of spatial development of megacities and urban agglomerations.

Keywords: underground space, structures, underground structures, subsoil, subsurface, urban planning, construction, capital construction, development, spatial development, agglomerations, urban agglomerations.

For citation: Ponomarev M. V. Legal Problems of Development and Use of Underground Space in Terms of Spatial Development of Urban Agglomerations. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 118—135. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.124


Allanina L. M. Complex thing and structure of underground construction. Yurist, 2011, no. 8, pp. 26—28. (In Russ.)

Allanina L. M. Underground construction: problems of normative regulation. Yuridicheskiy mir, 2015, no. 3, pp. 32—35. (In Russ.)

Andrianov N. A. Territorial'noe planirovanie kak osnova regulirovaniya gorodskoy zastroyki. Pravovye voprosy stroitel'stva, 2005, no. 2, pp. 20—26.

Bogoljubov S. A., Boltanova E. S., Vypkhanova G. V. et al. Legal provision of supportive environment in cities: scientific and practical manual. Ed. by N. V. Kichigin. Moscow, 2013. 336 p. (In Russ.)

Boltanova E. S. Osnovy pravovogo regulirovaniya zastroyki zemel'. Moscow, 2013. 268 p.

Boltanova E. S. Pravovoe regulirovanie stroitel'stva podzemnykh sooruzheniy s ispol'zovaniem uchastkov nedr mestnogo znacheniya. Khozyaystvo i pravo, 2013, no. 2, pp. 109—113.

Eyriyan G. N. Prava pol'zovatelya zemel'nogo uchastka na podzemnoe prostranstvo. Vestnik Permskogo Universiteta. Juridicheskie Nauki = Perm University Herald, Juridical Sciences, 2017, no. 38, pp. 535—547.

Galinovskaya E. A. Land legal relationship as a social and legal phenomena. Moscow, 2015. 272 p. (In Russ.)

Galinovskaya E. A., Boltanova E. S., Volkov G. A. et al. Zones with special conditions of use of territories (problems of establishment and observance of the legal regime): scientific and practical guide. Ed. by E. A. Galinovskaya. Moscow, 2020. 304 p. (In Russ.)

Grudtsyna L. Yu., Lagutkin A. V. Legal problems regarding recognition of proprietary titles to underground construction objects in Russia. Administrativnoe i munitsipal'noe pravo, 2014, no. 5, pp. 461—468. (In Russ.)

Korchak A. A., Stoyanova I. A. Opyt ispol'zovaniya podzemnogo prostranstva v krupnykh gorodakh. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten' (nauchno-tekhnicheskiy zhurnal), 2011, no. 12, pp. 247—251.

Lagutkin A. V., Grudtsyna L. Yu. O georesursakh nedr i priznanii prava sobstvennosti na ob"ekty podzemnogo stroitel'stva v Rossii: vvedenie v problemu. Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2013, no. 9, pp. 93—96.

Makishin V. N. Tselesoobraznost' osvoeniya podzemnykh prostranstv megapolisov. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten' (nauchno-tekhnicheskiy zhurnal), 2013, no. 7, pp. 25—32.

Makishin V. N., Fatkulin A. A. Usloviya formirovaniya i perspektivy razvitiya podzemnogo prostranstva gorodov. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten' (nauchno-tekhnicheskiy zhurnal), 2009, no. 4, pp. 530—534.

Mel'gunov V. D. O ponyatii, soderzhanii i pravovoy prirode prava pol'zovaniya nedrami. Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2008, no. 9, pp. 43—50.

Mel'gunov V. D. Teoreticheskie osnovy gornogo prava Rossii. Moscow, 2016. 328 p.

Nigmatullina Eh. F. Application of norms of natural resources and city-planning legislation in underground construction in the cities. Ekologicheskoe pravo, 2011, no. 2, pp. 21—23. (In Russ.)

Perchik A. I. Gornoe pravo. 2nd ed. Moscow, 2003. 525 p.

Pevzner M. E. Gornoe pravo. 3rd ed. Moscow, 2006. 375 p.

Pravovoe regulirovanie sbalansirovannogo razvitiya territoriy: sbornik materialov mezhdunarodnykh nauchno-prakticheskikh konferentsiy “Ekologicheskaya politika: vektory sbalansirovannogo razvitiya” (MIIGAiK, 14 December 2017) i “Pravovoe obespechenie kompleksnogo razvitiya territoriy” (MIIGAiK, IZiSP, 15 March 2018). Ed. by S. A. Bogolyubov, N. R. Kamynina, N. V. Kichigin, M. V. Ponomarev. Moscow, 2018. 324 p.

Sidorov I. N. Pravo pol'zovaniya nedrami v Rossii: vozniknovenie i perekhod: nauchnoe izdanie. Moscow, 2016. 128 p.

Telichenko V. I., Zertsalov M. G., Konyukhov D. S. Sostoyanie i perspektivy osvoeniya podzemnogo prostranstva g. Moskvy. Vestnik MGSU, 2010, no. 4, pp. 24—36.

Zhernakov D. V. On the legal regime of underground facilities. Rossiyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 2014, no. 4, pp. 114—120. (In Russ.)


Current Problems of State Monopoly Regulation of the Foreign Economic Activity

N. G. Doronina, N. G. Semilyutina

Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.125

Abstract. Legal regulation of foreign economic activity in Russia and abroad during economic reforms is based on using of the institute of state monopoly of foreign trade. The changes in international legal regulation that have taken place under the influence of the economic relations' globalization (the creation of the World Trade Organization) have shown how important this legal institution plays in the context of international trade liberalization. The novelties of Russian legislation in this area of relations also show this. They relate to civil contracts as a legal form of implementation of social functions of the state.
The structure of the article includes an analysis of the current practice of using the institute of state monopoly of foreign economic activity. The article analyzes the legal forms of organization of foreign economic activity in which the state has historically implemented its functions to protect national interests, modern methods of international turnover in foreign legislation, as well as the main tools for regulating relations in this field of activity — international agreements and civil law agreements.

Keywords: foreign trade, foreign economic relations, state monopole, competition law, investment protection treaties.

For citation: Doronina N. G., Semilyutina N. G. Current Problems of State Monopoly Regulation of the Foreign Economic Activity. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 136—153. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.125


Braginskiy M. I. Soviet State Participation in Civil Relationship Moscow, 1981. 190 p. (In Russ.)

Dahl H. U. S. Restrictions on High Technology Transfer: Impact Abroad and Domestick Consequences. Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 1987, vol. 26.

Doronina N. G., Semilyutina N. G. Sense of the Bilateral Treaties on Protection of Investments and its Perspectives. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2017, no. 9, pp. 119—129. DOI: 10.12737/article_599d74427a3661.81423193 (In Russ.)

Doronina N. G., Semilyutina N. G., Tsirina M. A. Problemy razresheniya sporov, vytekayushchikh iz ekonomicheskikh otnosheniy, v sovremennykh usloviyakh (praktika negosudarstvennykh yurisiktsionnykh organov). Vestnik mezhdunarodnogo kommercheskogo arbitrazha, 2017, no. 1.

Ekonomika. Tolkovyy slovar'. Ed. by G. Blek, I. M. Osadchaya. Moscow, 2000.

Export Import operations. Legal Matters. Moscow, 1970. (In Russ.)

Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie ekonomicheskoy deyatel'nosti v usloviyakh chlenstva Rossii vo Vsemirnoy torgovoy organizatsii, Evraziyskom ekonomicheskom soobshchestve i Tamozhennom soyuze. Ed. by I. V. Ershova. Moscow, 2016.

Graff N. de, Apeldorn B. van. US—China Relations and the Liberal World Order: Contending Elites, Colliding Visions. International Affairs, 2018, vol. 94.

Greyf A. Instituty i put' k sovremennoy ekonomike. Uroki srednevekovoy torgovli. Moscow, 2013.

Gringol'ts I. A. International Enterpreneural Organizations in COMECON Countries. Uchenye zapiski VNIISZ, 1973, iss. 28. (In Russ.)

Hansen-Kuhn K., Suppon S. Promises and Perils of the TTIP. October 2015.

Interv'yu s A. S. Komarovym o 25-letii Zakona RF “O mezhdunarodnom kommercheskom arbitrazhe”, o 60-letii N'yu Yorkskoy konventsii, o sud'bakh arbitrazha v Rossii i ne tol'ko ob etom. Vestnik mezhdunarodnogo kommercheskogo arbitrazha, 2018, no. 1.

Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Federal'nye konstitutsionnye zakony “O gosudarstvennom flage Rossiyskoy Federatsii”, “O gosudarstvennom gerbe Rossiyskoy Federatsii”, “O gosudarstvennom gimne Rossiyskoy Federatsii”. Ed. by M. V. Baglay. 4th ed. Moscow, 2014.

Kopelev D. Piratstvo v XVI—XVIII vekakh. Na ostrie mirovoy politiki. St. Petersburg, 2013.

Kozhevnikov O. V., Smirnov P. S. Sovetskiy gazoprovod, amerikanskie “sanktsii” i mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo, 1983, no. 3.

Liao Yi. Realizing the Right to Development Through Judicial Reform: the Strategic Connection and Practical Integration. Frontiers of Law in China, 2015, vol. 10, no. 4.

Lunts L. A. Kurs mezhdunarodnogo chastnogo prava. Moscow, 2002.

Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo: sovremennye problemy. Moscow, 1994.

Pozdnyakov V. S. The Soviet State and Foreign Trade. Legal Questions. Moscow, 1976. (In Russ.)

Sbornik informatsionnykh materialov. Sektsiya prava Vsesoyuznoy torgovoy palaty. 1961. Iss. XI.

Strengthening Regulatory Transparency: Insights for the GATS from the Regulatory Reform Country Reviews. Working Party of the Trade Committee. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Dist. 2000. April 12.

Tarle E. Politika. Moscow, 2001.

Usenko E. T. Forms of the socialist cooperation Moscow, 1965. (In Russ.)

Veeder V. V. The Lena Goldfields Arbitration: the Historical Roots of the Three Ideas. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 1998, vol. 47, part 4.

Vider V. V. Sovetsko-amerikanskiy arbitrazhnyy protsess Garrimana: Lloyd Dzhordzh, Lenin i kannibaly. Mezhdunarodnyy kommercheskiy arbitrazh, 2005, no. 2.

Wang Xigen, Tang Yong. The Right to Equal Development and its Practice Models in China. Frontiers of Law in China, 2015, vol. 10, no. 4.

On the Correlation between State Territorial Integrity and Equal Rights and Self-Determination of Peoples

R. M. Karaev

Institute of Oriental Studies, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku AZ1073, Azerbaijan

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.126

Abstract. The problem of correlation between the principles of territorial integrity and self-determination of peoples is not only a theoretical problem of international law, but also very relevant for the practical activities of states and international organizations. This is due to the recent trend of increasing importance of territorial problems as a source of conflict, which often poses a threat to global peace and international security in general, as well as in certain regions of the world. Recently, a number of events have taken place in various parts of the world that have intensified discussions in the doctrine of international law about the relationship and interaction of these principles. In Western Europe, Spain is the attempt of the independence of Catalonia, in the UK there is the possibility of holding a new referendum on Scottish independence and the uncertainty in this question because of Brexit), in Southern Europe there is unsettled problems in Northern Cyprus and Kosovo, in the Middle East there is the attempt to create an independent Kurdish state (Syria, Iraq), as well as the fight against DAISH, in Africa there is an attempt to create a Tuareg state, etc. Therefore, research and further development of this issue is of great scientific importance.
The article examines the main theoretical concepts of the correlation between the principles of territorial integrity and self-determination of peoples on the basis of various methods of scientific knowledge.
Conclusion: the normative content of the principles of territorial integrity and self-determination of peoples does not contradict each other. They contain various guidelines and standards. The provision that the content of the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples does not provide for any prescriptions aimed at authorizing or encouraging actions leading to violations of the territorial integrity of independent States determines the main parameter of its relationship with the principle of territorial integrity of States.

Keywords: international law, territorial integrity, self-determination, people, principles, correlation.

For citation: Karaev R. M. On the Correlation between State Territorial Integrity and Equal Rights and Self-Determination of Peoples. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 154—167. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.126


Baburin S. N. Mir Imperiy: territoriya gosudarstva i mirovoy poryadok. Moscow, 2010. 829 p.

Barsegov Yu. G. Samoopredelenie i territorial'naya tselostnost'. Moscow, 1993. 41 p.

Chernichenko S. V. Printsip samoopredeleniya narodov (sovremennaya interpretatsiya). Moskovskiy zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. 1996, no. 4, pp. 3—21.

Crawford J. R. The Creation of States in International Law. 2nd ed. Oxford; New York, 2007. 944 p.

Evropeyskoe mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Ed. by Yu. M. Kolosov, E. S. Krivchikova, P. V. Savas'kov. Moscow, 2005. 408 p.

Farkhutdinov I. Z. International Investment Law: Theory and practice of application. Moscow, 2005. 411 p. (In Russ.)

Franck T. M., Higgins R. Q. S., Pellet A., Shaw M. N., Tomuschat Ch. The Territorial Integrity of Quebec in the Event of the Attainment of Sovereignty. Report prepared for Québec's Ministère des relations internationales. 1992. Available at: (accessed 23.12.2019)

Gegel' G. V. F. Filosofiya prava. Moscow, 1990. 524 p.

Grushkin D. V. Pravo narodov na samoopredelenie: istoriya razvitiya i voploshcheniya idei. Pravo narodov na samoopredelenie: ideya i voploshchenie. Ed. by A. G. Osipov. Moscow, 1997. Pp. 5—32.

Khabrieva T. Y. Modern problems of self-determination of ethnos comparative law research. Moscow, 2010. 288 p. (In Russ.)

Khasanov A. A. Correlation and Interaction between the Principle of National Self-Determination and the Principle of Territorial Integrity of the State. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2017, no. 10, pp. 133—142. DOI: 10.12737/article_59c4d7604b9364.15443514 (In Russ.)

Krüger H. Der Berg-Karabach-Konflikt. Eine juristische Analyse. Springer, 2009. 142 p.

Kuz'min A. V. The principle of territorial integrity of states: problems of rights restoration. Evraziyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 2011, no. 2 (33), pp. 46—51. (In Russ.)

Lukashuk I. I. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Obshchaya chast'. Moscow, 2005. 432 p.

Malov D. V. International legal foundations of the equal rights and peoples self-determination principle: international and subjectivity. Vestnik mezhdunarodnykh organizatsiy, 2013, vol. 8, no. 2 (41), pp. 143—153. (In Russ.)

Marusin I. S. Correlation between the principle of inviolability of international borders and the right of peoples to self-determination. Pravovedenie, 2014, no. 1 (312), pp. 109—119. (In Russ.)

Melkov G. M. Samoopredelenie narodov Abkhazii, Yuzhnoy Osetii i Pridnestrov'ya: mif ili real'nost'? Natsional'nye interesy, 2005, no. 6. Available at: (accessed 11.09.2015)

Merezhko A. A. Problema Nagornogo Karabakha i mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Kiev, 2014. 208 p.

Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Ed by G. V. Ignatenko, O. I. Tiunov. 2nd ed. Moscow, 2002. 592 p.

Müllerson R. A. Ordering Anarchy: International Law in International Society. Hague, 2000. 387 p.

Oppenheim's International Law. Ed. by R. Jennings, A. Watts. 9th ed. London, 1992. 1584 p.

Ostroukhov N. V. Territorial integrity of states and its guarantee: theoretical-legal and international-legal dimensions. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Yuridicheskie nauki = RUDN Journal of Law, 2013, no. 3, pp. 244—254. (In Russ.)

Ostroukhov N. V. Territorial'naya tselostnost' gosudarstv v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave i ee obespechenie v Rossiyskoy Federatsii i na postsovetskom prostranstve. Dr. diss. thesis. Moscow, 2010. 62 p.

Possible ways and means of facilitating the peaceful and constructive solution of problems involving minorities. 2nd progress report: submitted by Asbjorn Eide. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1992/37 (1 July 1992).

Romanov V. A. Printsip samoopredeleniya i territorial'naya tselostnost' gosudarstv. Diplomaticheskiy vestnik, 2000, no. 9, pp. 65—71.

Shaw M. N. International law. 6th ed. Cambridge University Press, 2008. 1542 p.

Shaw M. N. Peoples, Territorialism and Boundaries. European Journal of International Law, 1997, no. 3, pp. 478—507.

Torosyan T. Imaginary contradiction. Rossiya v global'noy politike, 2007, no. 4, pp. 203—214. (In Russ.)

Tsygankov P. A. Teoriya mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniy. Moscow, 2006. 590 p.

Vel'yaminov G. M. Correlation of the principles of self-determination of peoples and territorial integrity, as well problems of recognition. Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2010, no. 10, pp. 101—104. (In Russ.)

Verdross A., Simma B. Universelles Volkerrecht. Theorie und Praxis. Berlin, 1999. 546 p.

Vidmar J. Remedial Secession in International Law: Theory and (Lack of) Practice. St. Antony's International Review, 2010, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 37—56.


The Register of Persons Dismissed from Government and Municipal Due to Loss of Trust: Issues of Efficiency

M. V. Presnyakov, S. E. Channov

M. V. Presnyakova, S. E. Channova,b
aPovolzhsky Institute of Management named after P. A. Stolypin, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Saratov 410031, Russian Federation
bSaratov State University, Saratov 410012, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.127

Abstract. The article deals with the problem of maintaining and using the register of persons dismissed due to loss of trust, which was provided for in the framework of the reform of the anti-corruption legislation in 2017. Despite the fact that this register is currently being actively developed, the prospects for its use in law enforcement practice remain very unclear. In particular, the law does not clearly define the legal consequences of including persons who have committed corruption offenses in this register.
The purpose of this work is to analyze the procedure for maintaining and using the register of persons dismissed due to loss of trust; to develop specific proposals for improving the effectiveness of this disciplinary measure in order to counter corruption.
To achieve these goals, the authors use both the general scientific dialectical method, which makes it possible to understand the duality of understanding the legal categories under consideration, and the methods of formal logic, the comparative method, the system-structural method, etc.
As a result of the study, the authors conclude that the “informing” action of the specified registry is clearly not enough to ensure its preventive function. In this regard, they make a number of proposals to improve the current legislation both in terms of maintaining the register of persons dismissed due to loss of trust, and in relation to the specific legal consequences of including a person in such a register. In particular, it is proved that the effectiveness of using the register of persons dismissed due to loss of confidence for committing a corruption offense will significantly increase if entering into such a register is accompanied by the deprivation of the right to hold positions of state and municipal service (as well as some others) for a certain period. The fundamental constitutional principles of freedom of work and equal access to public and municipal services must be taken into account.

Keywords: anti-corruption, loss of trust, register of persons dismissed due to loss of trust, disciplinary responsibility, effectiveness of responsibility, deprivation of the right to fill positions of state and municipal service.

For citation: Presnyakov M. V., Channov S. E. The Register of Persons Dismissed from Government and Municipal Due to Loss of Trust: Issues of Efficiency. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 168—183. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.127


Adushkin Yu. S. Distsiplinarnoe proizvodstvo v SSSR. Saratov, 1986. 125 p.

Buravlev Yu. M. Problemy pravovogo regulirovaniya distsiplinarnogo prinuzhdeniya v sisteme gosudarstvennoy sluzhby Rossii. Yuridicheskiy mir, 2008, no. 10, pp. 56—59.

Buravlev Yu. M. Vidy yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti v sisteme gosudarstvennoy sluzhby. Moscow, 2008. 154 p.

Channov S. E. Administrativnye sudy: voprosy opredeleniya kompetentsii v kontekste reformirovaniya sluzhebnoy deyatel'nosti. Administrativnoe sudoproizvodstvo v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: razvitie teorii i formirovanie administrativno-protsessual'nogo zakonodatel'stva. Seriya “Yubilei, konferentsii, forumy”. Iss. 7. Voronezh, 2013. Pp. 771—778.

Channov S. E. Disciplinary and Administrative Liability of Federal and Municipal Employees: Issues of Efficiency. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2018, no. 2, pp. 59—69. DOI: 10.12737/art_2018_2_6 (In Russ.)

Channov S. E. Distsiplinarnoe prinuzhdenie kak sredstvo obespecheniya sluzhebnykh pravootnosheniy: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy. Administrativnoe pravo i protsess, 2012, no. 7, pp. 13—18.

Channov S. E. Mozhet li korruptsionnoe pravonarushenie byt' maloznachitel'nym? Aktual'nye problemy rossiyskogo prava, 2014, no. 10, pp. 2197—2203.

Dobrobaba M. B. Principles of disciplinary responsibility of public servants: constitutional bases and problems of realization in norms of the service law. Leningradskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 2015, no. 2, pp. 131—145. (In Russ.)

Goncharuk N. S. Amendments of federal law No. 273-FZ On corruption combating in terms of reinforcement of administrative law measures of corruption combating in government authorities. Bezopasnost' biznesa, 2019, no. 1. (In Russ.)

Grishkovets A. A. Diskvalifikatsiya gosudarstvennykh grazhdanskikh sluzhashchikh. Administrativnoe i munitsipal'noe pravo, 2013, no. 12, pp. 1122—1138.

Il'yakov A. D. The constitutionality of the practice of inclusion of persons dismissed due to the loss of confidence in the register. Sovremennoe pravo, 2019, no. 3, pp. 38—41. (In Russ.)

Il'yakov A. D. Uregulirovanie konflikta interesov kak osnovnoy sposob preduprezhdeniya korruptsii v sisteme gosudarstvennogo upravleniya. Sovremennoe pravo, 2016, no. 4, pp. 32—36.

Ivanova O. M. O tselyakh yuridicheskoy otvetstvennosti. Pravo i politika, 2007, no. 11, pp. 116—120.

Kudryavtsev V. N. et al. Effektivnost' pravovykh norm. Moscow, 1980. 280 p.

Kukovintseva S. A. O reestre lits, uvolennykh v svyazi s utratoy doveriya. Otdel kadrov gosudarstvennogo (munitsipal'nogo) uchrezhdeniya, 2018, no. 2.

Nastol'naya kniga rukovoditelya organizatsii: pravovye osnovy. Ed. by I. S. Shitkina. Moscow, 2015. 506 p.

Presnyakov M. V. Anticorruption standards at the public service: issues of legal certainty. Administrativnoe pravo i protsess, 2019, no. 11, pp. 6—12. (In Russ.)

Rogacheva O. S. Effektivnost' norm administrativno-deliktnogo prava. Voronezh, 2011. 356 p.

Sorokin R. S. Uvol'nenie s gosudarstvennoy sluzhby kak mera protivodeystviya korruptsii. Cand. diss. Saratov, 2016. 26 p.

Tuganov Yu. N., Aulov V. K. Reestr lits, utrativshikh doverie: problemy formirovaniya. Pravo v Vooruzhennykh Silakh, 2018, no. 3, pp. 10—14.

Zhinkin S. A. Effektivnost' prava: antropologicheskoe i tsennostnoe izmerenie. Dr. diss. thesis. Krasnodar, 2009. 41 p.


Systematization of Legislation in the Focus of Historical and Legal Science (to the 470th Anniversary of the 1550 Law Code)  Pdf 16

M. V. Zaloilo, D. A. Abdieva

Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.128

Abstract. The article reviews the Second all-Russian scientific conference "Systematization of legislation in the focus of historical and legal science" held on May 13, 2020 at the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, which was devoted to the 470th anniversary of the 1550 Law Code as one of the largest monuments of Russian legislation that had a significant impact on the regulation of public relations during the formation of the centralized Russian state. The conference brought together specialists in the history and theory of law and state, historians, cultural scientists, and other representatives of humanitarian thought and scientific schools in Russia and abroad. The conference discussed the impact of the 1550 Law Code on the development of Russian legislation, systematization of industry legislation in historical retrospect, and modern theories and technologies for systematization of normative legal acts.

Keywords: 1550 Law Code, systematization of legislation, digitalization of law.

For citation: Zaloilo M.V., Abdieva D.A. Systematization of Legislation in the Focus of Historical and Legal Science (to the 470th Anniversary of the 1550 Law Code ). Zhurnal rossijskogo prava = Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 10, pp. 184—195. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2020.128

Adobe pdf 24  Full text in Russian

To the Anniversary of V. V. Lazarev  Pdf 16

Contents of issues: