Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation
Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 26 July 2019 has introduced the institution of judicial conciliation into Russian procedural law. This fact actualizes the research of alternative dispute resolution methods, which are closest to court proceedings in state courts.
In this regard, the article uses general scientific methods (comparison, analysis and synthesis, system analysis method) and methods of legal research (comparative law method, formal legal method, interpretation methods of legal norms) to analyze various integrative models of conciliation procedures and civil procedure implemented in some foreign countries (Germany, France, USA, China, South Korea, Belarus, Kazakhstan), In particular, the advantages and disadvantages of the after-reform legislation were identified.
To this date, the approved list of court conciliators does not correlate in any way with the number of courts of general jurisdiction and commercial courts. Therefore, the authors conclude that on such a scale the new procedural institute will not affect the current situation in the Russian judicial system in any way but will not entail serious budget expenditures. It has been founded that the financing of court conciliators' activities entirely from the federal budget, the funds of which could have been used to increase the number of judges, to provide material and technical support for the activities of courts, is not in line with the tasks of developing conciliation procedures, which, one way or another, are designed to relieve the judicial system and reduce budget expenditures. Such approach is justified as a mean to familiarize citizens and organizations with the benefits of reconciliation, to further promote conciliation procedures, both judicial and non-judicial.
Keywords: judicial conciliation, alternative dispute resolution, civil procedure, commercial procedure.
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