Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119019, Russian Federation
The relevance of a research is caused by the increasing value of forecasting function of social sciences in the conditions of uncertainty and diversity of development of all spheres of public life as within the certain countries, and on a global scale. In modern conditions improvement of public administration is impossible without development of its predictive component and strengthening of interrelation of forecasting with advance and current planning. The role of legal forecasting as the systems of evidence-based judgments of the trends and the prospects of development of the public relations considered from positions of legal approach i.e. in terms of tasks of improvement of their legal regulation is proved in article.
Research methods: system and structural method, historical, logical, technical, extrapolating methods, ascension from abstract to concrete, analogy, method of comparative jurisprudence, content analysis, content analysis, legal modeling.
Conclusions: social forecasting includes a wide range of strategic directions of development of the Russian Federation and serves as important help of improvement of quality of long-term planning in key areas of public life. Legal forecasting, based on data of social prognostics, synthesizes the theoretical and practical activities in the social and legal sphere directed to realization of the potential for its modernization which is available in a legal system in the context of legal values of the Russian Constitution. During the modern difficult and contradictory period of development of the country by an important task revival of predictive structures as which would enter a complex research of social and economic, environmental, demographic and other problems of scientific and technical forecasting, development of legal models and suggestions for improvement of the legislation with the subsequent direction to legislative bodies for inclusion in the plan of legislative works is.
legal forecasting, legal phenomena and processes, perspective and long-term approach, forecasting and planning of lawmaking, predictive stage of legislative activity, legal system, system of the legislation, enforcement, organizational basis of legal forecasting, legal monitoring.
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