head of the Department of theory and history of state and law, constitutional law of the Novosibirsk National Research State University, doctor of legal sciences, professor
1, Pirogov st., Novosibirsk, Russia,
630090 E-mail: email@example.com
The article is considering the etymology of human dignity in modern jurisprudence, the problems of identifying the human dignity in constitutional and international discourse, some legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the human dignity, the importance of the balancing principle of protecting the human dignity in constitutional justice, the legal polymorphism of human dignity as legal category.
The aim is to study the boundaries and significance of the dialogue of the doctrine, constitutional norms, international legal acts and social reality in the development of ideas about human dignity, to reveal the national and international conditions for the rise of human dignity in modern jurisprudence, to consider the influence of legal polymorphism on the consolidation of the human dignity in the branches of Russian law, to correlate the constitutional concept of human dignity with the Russian experience of constitutional regulation of human dignity’s protection, and the practice of constitutional justice.
The author used general and specific scientific methods, including formally legal, comparative, concrete historical methods of analysis, methods of constitutional hermeneutics and legal engineering, and a discursive approach that allows determining the meta-legal nature and the polysemic significance of human dignity in contemporary Russian and international jurisprudence.
Conclusions: human dignity is existential rather than moral value, has a divergent nature of applicability in various spheres of legal regulation (domestic and international), there is a public-law and private-law polymorphism of human dignity in Russian law, discusses the possibility of recognizing the principle of respect for and protection of human dignity as a principle of international law, in particular, but interrelated with other principles.
In the legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation it is confirmed that: 1) the human dignity is the basis of all human rights and freedoms and a necessary condition for their existence and observance; 2) the Russian state has a legal obligation to protect the dignity of a person and citizen and their rights in all areas where they are realized.
Keywords: human dignity, legal polymorphism, existential value, the principle of international law, judicial constitutionalization, the constitutional principle, the right to dignity.
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