head of the Department of environmental legislation of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, doctor of legal sciences, professor, honored scientist of the Russian Federation
34, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya st., Moscow, Russia, 117218
The development in the environmental sphere of constitutional values and norms passed through several stages; proposals on the legalization of ecological functions of the state, the recognition of the state environmental are regularly made. Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Constitution drew attention to the efficiency of concretization of the regulation in the field of ecology; the most relevant are the purposes of ensuring greening and justice of the legislation, combining ecology with economy through strategic planning. The call of constitutional preamble to honor the memory of ancestors who conveyed to us the faith in the justice needs practical interpretation through the use and protection of natural resources in the interests of the majority of citizens on a fair basis, to guarantee the common use of waters, forests; favourable natural environment is the basis of health, labor, rest and human life, significant factor in his social security; citizens should have opportunities of discussion, adoption, implementation of environmental decisions, the implementation of public environmental control, public hearings. The relationship of economy and ecology occurs in rivalry, the law is intended to balance economic and environmental interests, overcoming their contradictions, which are determined by the freedom of economic activity, recognition of land and forest plots, ponds, animals, common and extracted commercial minerals of civil turnover, on the one hand, and the need for substantial funding for the environmental protection on the other. The strategy of economic security of the Russian Federation to the main challenges and threats relates the establishment of redundant requirements in the field of environmental security, the rising costs of meeting environmental standards of production and consumption. In the natural sphere, in order to overcome the confrontation between the economy and the environment, it is advisable to restore planning in a competitive environment, where mankind is able to predict, shape the future based on environmental, demographic, social, economic, political forecasts, use of statistical data, economic evaluation of natural and anthropogenic objects, whereby use of the constitutional environmental potential increases.
Keywords: the Constitution of Russia, ecologization, justice.